I am interested in how organisms regulate and maintain key life-history processes in the face of a changing environment, especially in response to anthropogenic disturbances. Our lab uses an integrative approach to examine the mechanisms by which organisms cope with costly competing demands. Our research involves ongoing field work to examine naturally occurring trade-offs, but also addresses specific mechanistic questions via controlled laboratory experiments. We utilize and integrate endocrine, immune, behavioral, and energetic techniques to investigate physiological interactions among life history processes and the role energy allocation plays in regulating these interactions. We also apply this understanding of physiological regulation to existing environmental concerns - such as introduction of pathogens, degradation of habitat, altered resource availability, and climate change. We are currently investigating the impact of various levels of human disturbance on natural physiological processes and the survival and fitness consequences.