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Edmund Brodie JR

Profile Picture

Biology

Professor - Biology Department

Professor

Contact Information

SendEmail: brodie@biology.usu.edu


Educational Background

PhD, Zoology, Oregon State University, 1969
MS, Zoology, Oregon State University, 1967
BS, Secondary Education, Oregon College of Education, 1963

Awards

Henry S. Fitch Award for Excellence in Herpetology , 2007

the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists

Utah State University Graduate Mentor Award, 2006

USU

Alumni Award of Excellence, 2002

Western Oregon University

D. Wynne Thorne Research Award, 2001

USU

University Distinguished Research Award, 1988

The University of Texas at Arlington

    Publications - Books & Book Chapters

      Books

    • Brodie, E.D, (2001). Poisonous Animals. St. Martin’s Press
    • Book Chapters

    • Brodie, III, E.D, Brodie, E.D, (2004). Venomous Snake Mimicry: Venomous Reptiles of the Western Hemisphere (Vol. II). Cornell University Press
    • Brodie, E.D, (2002). Repellent Defenders: The antipredator arsenal of salamanders and newts: The New Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians. Oxford University Press

    * Has not been peer reviewed

    Publications - Fact Sheets

      * Has not been peer reviewed

      Publications - Curriculum

        * Has not been peer reviewed

        Publications - Journal Articles

          Academic Journal

        • Mohammadi, S., French, S., Neuman-Lee, L.A, Durham, S.L, Kojima, Y., Mori, A., Brodie, E.D, Savitzky, A., Corticosteroid responses of snakes to toxins from toads (bufadienolides) and plants (cardenolides) reflect differences in dietary specializations. General and Comparative Endocrinology
        • Spence, A.A, Hopkins, G.R, Neuman-Lee, L.A, Smith, G.D, Brodie, E.D, French, S., (2016). Detrimental effect of zinc oxide nanoparticles on amphibian life stages.. Journal of Experimental Zoology A
        • Lourenço-de-Moraes, R., Ferreira, R.B, Mendes, C.C, Zocca, C.Z, Mendeiros, T., Ruas, D.S, Rebouças, R., Toledo, L.F, Brodie, E.D, Solé, M., (2016). Escalated antipredator mechanisms of two Neotropical marsupial treefrogs. Herpetological Journal, 26, 237-244.
        • Mohammadi, S., Brodie, E.D, Neuman-Lee, L.A, Savitzky, A.H, (2016). Mutations to the cardiotonic steroid binding site of Na+/K+-ATPase are associated with high level of resistance to gamabufotalin in a natricine snake. Toxicon, 114, 13-15.
        • Hopkins, G.R, Brodie, E.D, Neuman-Lee, L.A, Mohammadi, S., Hopkins, Z.M, French, S., (2016). Physiological Responses to Salinity Vary with Proximity to the Ocean in a Coastal Amphibian. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 89:4, 322-330.
        • Mailho-Fontana, P.L, Antoniazzi, M.M, Barros-Battesti, D.M, Jared, C., Campbell, J.A, Brodie, E.D, (2016). Toad parotoid pores shelter tick larvae. South American J. Herpetology, 11, 81-84.
        • Hague, M.T, Avila, L.A, Hanifin, C.T, Snedden, W.A, Amber, S.N, Brodie, E.D, Brodie, III, E.D, (2016). Toxicity and population structure of the Rough-Skinned Newt Taricha granulosa outside the range of an arms race with resistant predators. Ecology and Evolution/John Wiley and Sons, doi: 10.1002/ece3.2068
        • McGlothlin, J.W, Kobiela, M.E, Feldman, C.R, Castoe, T.A, Geffeney, S.L, Hanifin, C.T, Toledo, G., Vonk, F.J, Richardson, M.K, Brodie, E.D, Pfrender, M.E, Brodie III, E.D, (2016). Historical Contingency in a Multigene Family Facilitates Adaptive Evolution of Toxin Resistance. Current Biology
        • Mohammadi, S., Brodie, E.D, Neuman-Lee, L.A, Savitzky, A., (2016). Mutations to the cardiotonic steroid binding site of Na+/K+-ATPase are associated with high level of resistance to gamabufotalin in a natricine snake. Toxicon, 114, 13-15.
        • Neuman-Lee, L.A, Brodie, E.D, Hansen, T., Brodie III, E.D, French, S., (2016). Comparing the natural and anthropogenic sodium channel blockers tetrodotoxin and indoxacarb in gartersnakes. Journal of Experimental Zoology A, 325:4, 255-264.
        • Smith, G.D, Hopkins, G.R, Mohammadi, S., Skinner, H., Hansen, T., Brodie, E.D, French, S.S, (2015). Effects of temperature on embryonic and early larval growth and development in the rough-skinned newt (Taricha granulosa). . Journal of Thermal Biology, 51, 89-95. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtherbio.2015.03.010
        • Feldman, C.R, Durso, A.M, C.T, Pfrender, M.E, Ducey, P.K, Stokes, A.N, Barnett, K.E, Brodie III, E.D, Brodie, E.D, (2015). Is there more than one way to skin a newt? Convergent toxin resistance in snakes is not due to a common genetic mechanism. Heredity, doi: doi: 10.1038/hdy.2015.73
        • Hopkins, G.R, Brodie, E.D, (2015). Occurrence of amphibians in saline habitats: a review and evolutionary perspective. . Herpetological Monographs, 29, 1-27.
        • Stokes, A.N, Ray, A.M, Buktenica, M.W, Gall, B.G, Paulson, E., Paulson, D., French, S., Brodie III, E.D, Brodie, E.D, (2015). Otter predation on Taricha granulosa and variation in tetrodotoxin levels with elevation.. Northwestern Naturalist, 96:1
        • Brodie, III, E.D, Brodie, E.D, (2015). Predictably convergent evolution of sodium channels in the arms race between predators and prey. Brain, Behavior, and Evolution. Brain, Behavior and Evolution, 86, doi: DOI:10.1159/000435905
        • Neuman-Lee, L.A, Stokes, A.N, Greenfield, S., Hopkins, G.R, Brodie, E.D, French, S., (2015). The role of corticosterone and toxicity in the antipredator behavior of the Rough-skinned Newt (Taricha granulosa).. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 213, 59-64.
        • Jared, C., Mailho-Fontana, P.L, Antoniazzi, M.M, Mendes, V.A, Barbaro, K.C, Rodrigues, M.T, Brodie, E.D, (2015). Venomous frogs use heads as weapons. Current Biology, 25, 2166-2170. doi: DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2015.06.061
        • Feldman, C.R, Durso, A.M, Hanifin, C.T, Pfrender, M.E, Ducey, P.K, Stokes, A.N, Barnett, K.E, Brodie, Iii, E.D, Brodie, E.D, (2015). Is there more than one way to skin a newt? Convergent toxin resistance in snakes is not due to a common genetic mechanism.. Heredity
        • Brodie, E.D, (2014). A new salamander of the genus Chiropterotriton (Caudata: Plethodontidae) from the Sierra Madre Oriental of Tamaulipas, Mexico. South American Journal of Herpetology, 9, 228-234. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2994/SAJH-D-14-00042.1
        • Hopkins, G.R, Brodie, E.D, French, S., (2014). Developmental and evolutionary history affect survival in stressful environments. PLOS ONE, 9:4, e95174.
        • McGlothlin, J.W, Chuckalovcak, J.P, Janes, D.E, Edwards, S.V, Feldman, C.R, Brodie, E.D, Pfrender, M.E, Brodie III, E.D, (2014). Parallel evolution of tetrodotoxin resistance in three voltage-gated sodium channel genes in the garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis.. Molecular Biology and Evolution, doi: doi:10.1093/molbev/msu237 http://mbe.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2014/09/09/molbev.msu237.full.pdf+html
        • Stokes, A.N, Ducey, P.K, Neuman-Lee, L., Hanifin, C.T, French, S.S, Pfrender, M.E, Brodie, III, E.D, Brodie, E.D, (2014). Bipalium adventitium and Bipalium kewense: the first terrestrial invertebrates with tetrodotoxin. . PLoS One, doi: DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0100718
        • Hopkins, G.R, French, S., Brodie, E.D, (2013). Increased frequency and severity of developmental deformities in rough-skinned newt (Taricha granulosa) embryos exposed to road deicing salts (NaCl & MgCl2). Environmental Pollution, 173, 264-269.
        • Hopkins, G.R, French, S., Brodie, E.D, (2013). Potential for local adaptation in response to an anthropogenic agent of selection: effects of road deicing salts on amphibian embryonic survival and development. Evolutionary Applications, 6:2, 384-392.
        • Feldman, C.R, Brodie, E.D, Brodie, III, E.D, Pfrender, M.E, (2012). Constraint shapes convergence in tetrodotoxin resistant sodium channels of snakes. PNAS, 109:12, 4556-4561.
        • Gall, B.G, Amber, S.N, French, S., Brodie, E.D, Brodie, E.D, (2012). Female newts (Taricha granulosa) produce tetrodotoxin laden eggs after long term captivity. Toxicon, 60, 1057-1062.
        • Gall, B.G, Amber, S.N, French, S., Brodie, E.D, Brodie, E.D, (2012). Female newts (Taricha granulosa) produce tetrodotoxin laden eggs after long term captivity. Toxicon, 60, 1057-1062.
        • Hopkins, G.R, Gall, B.G, French, S., Brodie, E.D, (2012). Interfamily variation in amphibian early life-history traits: raw material for natural selection? . Ecology and Evolution, 2:7, 1637-1643.
        • Gall, B.G, Stokes, A.N, French, S., Brodie, E.D, Brodie, E.D, (2012). Predatory caddisfly larvae sequester tetrodotoxin from their prey, eggs of the rough-skinned newt . Journal of Chemical Ecology, 38, 1351-1357.
        • Gall, B.G, Stokes, A.N, French, S., Brodie, E.D, Brodie, E.D, (2012). Predatory caddisfly larvae sequester tetrodotoxin from their prey, eggs of the rough-skinned newt . Journal of Chemical Ecology, 38, 1351-1357.
        • Brodie, E.D, Arcevado, M., Campbell, J.A, (2012). New salamanders of the genus Oedipina (Caudata: Plethodontidae) from Guatemala. J Herpetology, 46:2, 233-240.
        • Williams, B.L, Charles, H.T, Brodie, E.D, Edmund, B.D, (2012). Predators usurp prey defenses?: toxicokinetics of tetrodotoxin (TTX) in common garter snakes after consumption of rough-skinned newts.. Chemoecology, doi: 10.1007/s00049-011-0093-3
        • Campbell, J.A, Smith, e.N, Streicher, J., Arcevado, M.E, Brodie, E.D, (2011). Guatemalan salamander diversity. FrogLog, 96, 22-25.
        • Gall, B.G, Hopkins, G.R, Brodie, E.D, (2011). Mechanics and ecological Role of Swimming Behavior in the Caddisfly Larvae Triaenodes tardus. J Insect Behavior, 24, 317-328.
        • Williams, B.L, Hanifin, C.T, Brodie, E.D, Caldwell, R.L, (2011). Ontogeny of tetrodotoxin levels in blue-ringed octopuses: maternal investment and apparent independent production in offspring of Hapalochlaena lunulata. J of Chemical Ecology
        • Stokes, A., Brouillette, N., Cook, D.G, Hanifin, C.T, Brodie, III, E.D, Brodie, E.D, (2011). Sex-biased predation on newts of the genus Taricha by a novel predator and its relationship with tetrodotoxin toxicity. American Midland Naturalist
        • Stokes, A.N, Cook, D.G, Hanifin, C.T, Brodie, III, E.D, Brodie, E.D, (2011). Sex-biased predation on newts of the genus Taricha by a novel predator and its relationship with tetrodotoxin toxicity. The American Midland Naturalist, 165, 389-399.
        • Gall, B.G, Stokes, A.N, French, S., Schlepphorst, E.A, Brodie, E.D, Brodie, E.D, (2011). Tetrodotoxin levels in larval and metamorphosed newts (Taricha granulosa) and palatability to predatory dragonflies. Toxicon, 57, 978-983.
        • Gall, B.G, Stokes, A.N, French, S., Schlepphorst, E.A, Brodie, E.D, Brodie, E.D, (2011). Tetrodotoxin levels in larval and metamorphosed newts (Taricha granulosa) and palatability to predatory dragonflies. Toxicon, 57, 978-983.
        • Gall, B.G, Farr, A.A, Eggle, S.G, Brodie, Jr.l, E.D, Brodie, E.D, (2011). Toxic Prey and predator avoidance: responses of toxic newts to chemical stimuli from a predator and injured conspecifics. Northwestern Naturalist, 92, 1-6.
        • Avila, L.A, Wiggins, R., Brodie, E.D, Brodie, III, E.D, (2011). Garter snakes do not respond to TTX via distance chemoreception. Chemecology, doi: Doi 10.1007/s00049-011-0094-2
        • Williams, B.L, Charles, H.T, Brodie, E.D, Roy, C.L, (2011). Ontogeny of tetrodotoxin levels in blue-ringed octopuses: Maternal investment and apparent independent production in offspring of Hapalochlaena lunulata.. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 37:1, 10-17. doi: 10.1007/s10886-010-9901-4
        • Williams, B.L, Hanifin, C.T, Brodie, E.D, Caldwell, R.L, (2011). Ontogeny of tetrodotoxin levels in blue-ringed octopuses: maternal investment and apparent independent production in offspring of Hapalochlaena lunulata.. Journal of chemical ecology, 37:1, 10-7.
        • Williams, B.L, Hanifin, C.T, Brodie, E.D, Brodie III, E.D, (2010). Tetrodotoxin (TTX) affects survival probability of rough skinned newts (Taricha granulosa) faced with TTX-resistant garter snake predators (Thamnophis sirtalis).. Chemoecology, 20:4, 285-290. doi: 10.1007/s00049-010-0057-z
        • Williams, B.L, Hanifin, C.T, Brodie, E.D, Brodie, III, E.D, (2010). Tetrodotoxin affects survival probability of rough-skinned newts (Taricha granulosa) faced with TTX-resistant garter snake predators (Thamnophis sirtalis). Chemoecology, 20, 285-2290.
        • Feldman, C.R, Brodie, E.D, Brodie, III, E.D, Pfrender, M.E, (2010). Genetic architecture of a feeding adaptation: garter snake (Thamnophis) resistance to tetrodotoxin bearing prey. Proc. R. Soc. B. , doi: 10.1098/rspb.2010.0748
        • Gall, B.G, Brodie, E.D, (2009). Behavioral avoidance of injured conspecific and predatory stimuli by larvae of the aquatic caddisfly Hesperophylax occidentalis. Can. J. Zool., 87:11, 1009-1015. doi: 10.1139/Z09-091
        • Feldman, C.R, Brodie, E.D, Brodie, III, E.D, Pfrender, M.E, (2009). The evolutionary origins of beneficial alleles during the repeated adaptation of garter snakes to deadly prey. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0901224106
        • Hanifin, C.T, Brodie, E.D, Brodie, III, E.D, (2008). Phenotypic mismatches reveal escape from arm-race coevolution. PLoS Biol, 6:3, doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0060060
        • Hanifin, C.T, Brodie, E.D, Brodie, III, E.D, (2008). Phenotypic mismatches reveal escape from arms-race coevolution. Public Library of Science (PLoS) Biology, 6:3, e60.
        • Beatty, J.J, Leonard, W.P, Brodie, E.D, (2008). Robert Macleod Storm. Copeia , 718-724.
        • Ridenhour, B.J, Brodie, E.D, Brodie, III, E.D, (2007). Patterns of genetic differentiation in Thamnophis and Taricha from the Pacific Northwest. Journal of Biogeography , 34, 724-735.
        • Mendelson, III, J., Brodie, E.D, (2006). Confronting amphibian declines and extinctions. Science, 313:48
        • Mulcahy, D., Spaulding, A.W, Mendelson, III, J.R, Brodie, E.D, (2006). Phylogeography of the flat-tailed horned lizard (Phrynosoma mcallii) and systematics of the P. mcalli—platyrhinos mtDNA complex. Molecular Ecology, 15, 1807-1826.
        • Geffeney, S.L, Fujimoto, E., Brodie, III, E.D, Brodie, E.D, Ruben, P.C, (2005). Evolutionary diversification of TTX-resistant sodium channels in a predator-prey interaction. Nature, 434, 759-763.
        • Brodie, III, E.D, Feldman, C.R, Hanifin, C.T, Motychak, J.E, Mulcahy, D.G, Williams, B.L, Brodie, E.D, (2005). Parallel arms races between garter snakes and newts involving tetrodotoxin as the phenotypic interface of coevolution. Chem. Ecol., 31:2, 343-356.
        • Brodie III, E.D, Feldman, C.R, Hanifin, C.T, Motychak, J.E, Mulcahy, D.G, Williams, B.L, Brodie, E.D, (2005). Evolutionary response of predators to dangerous prey: parallel arms races between garter snakes and newts involving tetrodotoxin as the phenotypic interface of coevolution.. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 31:2, 343-355. doi: 10.1007/s10886-005-1345-x
        • Mendelson, III, J.R, Brodie, E.D, Malone, J.H, Acevedo, M.E, Baker, M.A, Smatresk, N.J, Campbell, J.A, (2004). Factors associated with the catastrophic decline of a cloudforest frog fauna in Guatemala. Revista Biologia Tropica (Int. J. Trop. Biol.), 52:4, 991-1000.
        • Hanifin, C.T, Brodie, III, E.D, Brodie, E.D, (2004). A predictive model to estimate total skin tetrodotoxin in the newt Taricha granulosa.. Toxicon, 43:3, 243-249.
        • Williams, B.L, Brodie, E.D, Brodie, III, E.D, (2004). A resistant predator and its toxic prey: Persistence of newt toxin leads to poisonous (not venomous) snakes. J. Chemical Ecology , 30, 1901-1910.
        • Gardner, T.J, Foley, D.H, Brodie, E.D, Young, K.V, (2004). Barrier fences prevent road mortalities in the flat-tailed horned lizard (Phrynosoma mcallii). Herp. Review, 35, 250-251.
        • Brodie, III, E.D, Young, K.V, Brodie, E.D, (2004). How did the horned lizard get its horns? Response. Science, 305, 1909-1910.
        • Young, K.V, Brodie, E.D, Brodie, III, E.D, (2004). How the horned lizard got its horns. Science, 304, 65.
        • Ridenhour, B.J, Brodie, III, E.D, Brodie, E.D, (2004). Neonate and field-collected garter snake resistance to tetrodotoxin (Thamnophis sp.). J. Chemical Ecology, 30:1, 143-154.
        • Lehman, E.M, Brodie, E.D, Brodie, III, E.D, (2004). No evidence for an endosymbiotic bacterial origin of tetrodotoxin in the newt, Taricha granulosa. Toxicon, 44, 243-249.
        • Brodie, III, E.D, Young, K.V, Brodie, E.D, (2004). Technical Comments: Response to comment on “How the horned lizard got its horns”. Science, 306:230
        • Cardall, B.L, Brodie, III, E.D, Brodie, E.D, Hanifin, C.T, (2004). Tetrodotoxin in the skin secretions of the rough-skin newt (Taricha granulosa) and regeneration after secretion. Toxicon, 44, 933-938.
        • Williams, B.L, Brodie, E.D, Brodie III, E.D, (2004). A resistant predator and its toxic prey: persistence of newt toxin leads to poisonous (not venomous) snakes.. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 30:10, 1901-1919. doi: 0098-0331/04/1000-1901/0
        • Williams, B.L, Brodie, E.D, Brodie, III, B.D, (2003). Coevolution of deadly toxins and predator resistance: Self-assessment of resistance by garter snakes leads to behavioral rejection of toxic newt prey. Herpetologica, 59:2, 155-163.
        • Steele, C.A, Brodie, E.D, MacCracken, J.G, (2003). Dicamptodon copei (Cope’s Giant Salamander). Reproduction. Herpetological Review, 34:3, 227-228.
        • Steele, C.A, Brodie, E.D, MacCracken, J.G, (2003). Relationships between abundance of Cascade torrent salamanders and forest age. J. Wildlife Management , 67:2, 447-453.
        • Hanifin, C.T, Brodie, III, E.D, Brodie, E.D, (2003). Tetrodotoxin levels in the eggs of the rough-skinned newt, Taricha granulosa, are correlated with female toxicity. J. Chemical Ecology, 29:8, 1729-1739.
        • Williams, B.L, Brodie, E.D, Brodie III, E.D, (2003). Coevolution of deadly toxins and predator resistance: Self-assessment of resistance by garter snakes leads to behavioral rejection of toxic newt prey.. Herpetologica, 59:2, 155-163.
        • Williams, B.L, Brodie, E.D, Brodie, III, E.D, (2002). Comparisons between toxic effects of tetrodotoxin administered orally and by intraperitoneal injection to the garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis. J. of Herpetol., 36, 112-115.
        • Steele, C.A, Brodie, E.D, MacCracken, J.G, (2002). Influence of forest age on densities of Cope’s and pacific giant salamanders. Northwest Science, 76, 347-352.
        • Janzen, F.J, Krenz, J.G, Haselkorn, T.S, Brodie, E.D, , (2002). Molecular phylogeography of common garter snakes (Thamnophis sirtalis) in western North America: Implications for regional historic forces. Molecular Ecology , 11, 1739-1751.
        • Geffeney, S., Brodie, E.D, Rubin, P.C, Brodie, III, E.D, (2002). Physiological mechanisms of adaptation in a predator-prey arms race: Tetrodotoxin-resistant sodium channels in garter snakes. Science, 297:5585, 1336-1339.
        • Brodie, III, E.D, Brodie, E.D, Motychak, J.E, (2002). Recovery of garter snakes (Thamnophis sirtalis) from the effects of tetrodotoxin. J. of Herpetol., 36, 95-98.
        • Brodie, E.D, Mendelson, J.R, Campbell, J.A, (2002). Taxonomic revision of the Mexican plethodontid salamanders of the genus Lineatriton, with the description of two new species. Herpetologica, 58, 194-204.
        • Hanifin, C.T, Brodie, III, B.D, Brodie, E.D, (2002). Tetrodotoxin levels of the rough-skin newt, Taricha granulosa, increase in long-term captivity. Toxicon, 40:8, 1149-1153.
        • Brodie, E.D, Ridenhour, B.J, Brodie, III, E.D, (2002). The evolutionary response of predators to dangerous prey: Hotspots and coldspots in the geographic mosaic of coevolution between garter snakes and newts. Evolution, 56:10, 2067-2082.

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